Mapuche built their proudness as a nation on their successful resistance to the Inca and the Spaniards. They have survived and preserved their traditions for centuries until mid-1800, when the European migrants slowly began threatening their way of life.
Wallmapu, the territory which the Mapuche historically inhabited has a deep meaning for them because it is linked to their spiritual, philosophical, social, and cultural life. Moreover, the Mapuche consider Wallmapu, as transcending purely geographical spaces, including air, water and soil.
Their culture is made up by a broad variety of ethnic subgroups sharing a common social, religious, linguistic and economic structure.
Variety is vibrant in their traditional handicrafts and agricultural production, often locally unique, embodying the specific geographical features and materials of the territory where they are manufactured.
Therefore, each craft bears its own identity reflecting the memories, histories, and beliefs of its ancestral creation. For instance, La Araucania has reputation for its pottery, metalwork and traditional textile, for which it has received widespread recognition, including the Award of the Excellence for handicrafts for their authenticity, innovation, respect for the environment and marketable potential.
Since generation Mapuche women are transmitting their artistic knowledge to their descendants at a very early age. Nowadays, their fabrics are often commercialized and are an important part of income for many families.